A definition of hosting
As its name denotes, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are various forms and kinds of web hosting, depending on the purpose and on the usage. Nevertheless, they all involve hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Web. A web host is actually a web server that is connected to the Internet and has its own personal IP address, which enables users to get access to it through the Internet. The server's architecture and its resources are dependent on the kind of web hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the different types of web hosting?
Depending on the goal, the hosting solution may be:
File Storage Hosting - this type of hosting allows the customers to store their files on a specific web server. With the average file hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the individual that's using the service. This web hosting solution typically appertains to backups of personal computers , documents, personal files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also include given limitations in terms of the web storage space and the root access. There may also be traffic quota limitations, but that is dependent on the particular web hosting service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is quite similar to the previous hosting service form. In spite of that, in contrast with the file hosting solution, the warez hosting service is used for disseminating patented content without the approval of the licence bearer. To put it briefly - it involves the criminal distribution of files and documents. There are lots of methods for this to be executed, but the 2 principal ways are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first one involves either a given web portal, or, most often, simply a directory on a web server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed materials free of cost. The second way entails a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, through which people exchange files between each other. There are not many web space hosting distributors that permit that form of web hosting on their web servers, mostly due to all the judicial entanglements that it entails. Typically such sites are hosted on private dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by third-party companies either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared site hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the customer's wish. If you want to have your own personal SMTP e-mail server, then you will require either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated server that provides the access level required to accomplish such an operation. For customary email web hosting ends, however, you can set up a regular shared web space hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's very popular, because the site hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, often owned by separate hosts.
Site Hosting - the most popular and broadly used hosting service these days. It's utilized for hosting web site files, whose type depends on the Operating System the web hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files demand specific hosting server OSs, otherwise they won't be shown appropriately on the Web. This type of web hosting may impose server storage and web traffic limitations, root access and CPU usage limitations.
Depending on the mission and on the functions, the customer should pick the sort of web hosting server that he needs for his work, and, of course, the web site hosting supplier that's going to furnish it. There are different kinds of web servers, based on the configuration and the web space hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web server supplies a smaller amount of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and medium size online portals, which do not require enormous quantities of disk space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated - they perform on the very same principle as the shared web site hosting servers. Even so, there are much less clients accommodated on the same web hosting server. Hence, each of them will get a larger quota of the server's resources like RAM, server space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting enormous online portals that do not require full root access.
Virtual Private Server - the Virtual Private Servers are perfect for medium sized websites, which do need root access to the web server's config files. Typically, there are several VPS server web hosting accounts located on the same machine. Yet, each of them is isolated from the others and has its own OS.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a fully dedicated web hosting server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a gigantic amount of system resources. It also provides complete root access, which renders it the optimal solution for any type of web portal that necessitates a web space hosting solution.
The sole question that's left is:
Which hosting provider should I select?
As mentioned above, there are just a few hosts providing warez hosting services because of legal entanglements. Such hosting companies are being closed down practically every month. For that reason, if you wish to run such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web hosting service is the most famous kind of web hosting service. Therefore, each and every web site hosting distributor provides it. Not all of them, though, offer solutions such as private virtual servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small sized hosting companies do not have the resources demanded for offering those services. Hence it's always best to choose a larger host that can furnish its customers with all the services that they want. You can easily identify such hosting companies by the kinds of solutions that they are providing and by the manner in which they present them to the clientele. For example, certain hosts permit you to start with a small sized web site hosting package and then shift to a bigger one, if you find it obligatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not have to move web sites between hosting servers and there is no chance of experiencing network downtime because of all the predicaments that may arise. Hosting companies such as xhosters provide all kinds of solutions and possess the necessary web hosting server resources and personnel to assure that their customers will not suffer any complications when swapping services, which is what a top hosting firm is in fact all about.